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HTML5 Validator: How to fix "Warning trimming empty <p> or <div>"

Question by Compi | 21/02/2016 at 12:59

When trying to validate my HTML5 website, I get to error messages referring to empty p- or empty div- elements on my page.

Warning: trimming empty
Warning: trimming empty

The first error message always appears when I am writing <p></p>, the other in case of an empty div-container like <div class="xyz"></div>.

Now, I am using the empty paragraphs to get a little bit more distance between two texts and I am using the empty container for example to apply a class with clear:both or solely for specific design purposes.

So, it makes no sense for me to fill those empty elements, nevertheless I would like to get rid off this error message to and sure and error-free website. Does someone have any idea what I can do here?

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If there is really no other way, you can either put a space or an HTML comment into the empty elements:

<div class="xyz">&nbsp;</div>
<div class="xyz"><!----></div>

Here, we are using the non breaking space &nbsp; and an HTML comment with <!-- -->.

Otherwise, it would certainly be better to solve layout and design issues by other means. For example, let us have a look at the p-element: If you should want to have more distance between two paragraphs or a header, you can just raise the padding of one of the existing paragraphs with CSS (perhaps you can introduce a class for that) instead of adding a new empty paragraph for the distance.
23/02/2016 at 10:40

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